Free Hypervisor Backup
Part 2 – The VMware Screw


Run Veeam by clicking the icon on the desktop or in the start menu, for Veeam Backup and Replication.

First Run

At first you will get this:

click apply.

Click Veeam, Zip, haha I expected this.. 😛

Click ok, and the add host wizard pops up.

Infrastructure Wizard

In my case I’m using ESXi.


In the next section you will need to specify the credentials, you could specify the root account, however in my case even with one host, and only me, I decided to create a Veeam account on my ESXi host to use for this case. On 5.5 using the phat client it is really easy and intuitive, highlight the host, click the  local User and Groups tab, right click the open space, select new user, then click the permissions tab, click add user, select the newly created user, select the admin role. Done! Click here for 6.5/6.7 or the Web UI, not as intuitive. Click the add button, and add the account details that you specified when you created them on the hosts.

Then click OK, then next.

You will get this alert if you use self-signed certificates, even though I did write a blog post on setting up my own PKI, I did not use it in the case, as my Veeam server and ESXi host are not part of my AD domain, this also does simplify some aspects of the installation/deployment. Click Connect.

Click Finish, congrats you’ve added your free ESXi host. 😀

The dis-appointment

Next! Storage, Veeam needs to know where to save your data. Alright, seems there was no requirement here besides having local storage or a USB drive already attached, or in my case I used an SMB share. However I was very soon disappointed to see this error…

So…. so much for this being a free option, which I don’t think is fair, anyway. As usual its not even Veeam fault, this is cause VMware doesn’t allow the APIs for this, check this Veeam blog post out for more details.

If you use VMware a lot you you might have come across a blog site called virtuallyghetto run by William, this guy is great and my colleague just happened to find a script that was written by him to use the VMware CLI directly to create snapshots of VMs and copy their delta files to another disk, completely free.

In Part 3 I hope to install and try out this script, see how it handles my needs. Stay tuned!

Free Hypervisor Backup
Part 1 – Installing Veeam Backup


A little while back I had blogged about how you can get ESXi for free (you can also choose to use Hyper-V free with any version of Windows Server 2016/10, or using the stand alone core image).

However now that I have a couple nice hypervisor test beds, (I use FreeNAS for my storage needs, I hope to write a couple FreeNAS posts soon) how do we go about making backups, now we could manually backup the VM files manually, but that takes a lot of work, and I’d generally don’t like dealing with the file directly as soon as snapshots get involved, then I prefer to stick with the providers APIs. As you can guess I don’t have time to learn ever providers huge list of APIs, let alone the time to build any type of application for it (be it direct .NET, ASP.NET (w/ whatever front end (bootstrap/angular/etc)), JAVA (shutters), and whatever… so I could go on here but I’ll stop.

I’m personally not going to test a whole bunch of different solutions, but instead pull a bit of a fan boy and cover just Veeam. I came from using Backup Exec (which is now the hot potato of Backup Software, since it almost destroyed Symantec)… anyway, to using Veeam, and it was a breath of fresh air, not only do they have amazing support staff you know what they are doing (usually if you get in the higher tiers), but they also have a great form site with a good following and replies by the developers themselves. You also don’t need to sign up to read them if you need to find a solution to a problem in a pinch, they don’t mind airing out any dirty laundry cause more often then not it’s not directly their fault but the APIs they rely on. Anyway moving on.

Getting the Installation Media

To start go here to grab Veeam Free Backup. This requires a login, I can only assume to avoid Captcha, or other mechanism to prevent DDOS or annoyances, as well as information gathering. Feel free to use fake information for this.

Now Veeam can only be installed on Windows, see here for all the detailed specs.

I’ll choose Windows Server 2016 Datacenter as I have it available with my MSDN for all my educational needs. 😀

So at this point we have:

  1. A supported OS installed physical or virtual (i prefer virtual specially for labs)
  2. A Copy of the latest version of Veeam free
  3. A hypervisor (Hyper-V or ESXi) with VMs

*If you are looking to backup physical machines liek desktops and laptops look at Veeam’s agent options, Veeam Windows agent and Linux agent allow to backup physical machines.

Running the Installation Media

After updates it’s finally time to mount that ISO! In my case I had downloaded it on my workstation machine running Windows with the vSphere phat client, so I mounted it via the vSphere option to mount a local ISO to the VM. After mounting, and double clicking the installation executable, you are presented with this:


Ooo, ahhhhh, click install…. and accept the EULA

Licensing (Free)

You will be present with this license part of the wizard, but as the text at the bottom indicates, click next without this to use free mode… wow how intuitive, no radio buttons, or check boxes… just simple intuitive wizard design…. would you just look at that… a thing of beauty. Click Next.

I was good with an all-in-one so I left the defaults, click next,


What is this? A clear, concise dependency check! And here I thought I could trick them by not installing things and see how it go, they seem to have done a good job covering their bases… and what is this?! and install button… you mean… I don’t have a vague link to a KB with some random technical blabber that links me to an executable to install before having to re run the wizard…. well lets see if it even works… Click Install… (Assuming internet connection; which this server does have, as how I got it updated)


What is this?! no way…. it installed everything for me… and I didn’t have to reboot or re-run the wizard. Get out of town!; and click next.

Install location and verification

Again I’m OK with the defaults, click Install.

Let it install (it will use MS SQL Express (which is free up to 10 GB DB’s).

There’s a saying that goes “waiting is the hardest part”, thankfully with Veeam, this seems to be the case. Be patient while the installation completes, you’ll be glad you did. 🙂

Alright finally…

Click Finish, Now that was easy.

Click Restart.


That’s it! That’s all there is to it, the smoothest installation I’ve ever done, so smooth it doesn’t actually warrant it’s own blog post. But what the heck…

In Part 2 I’ll cover some basic configurations, and backup our first VM!

Creating and Managing Local Users ESXi 6.5/6.7

The Story

I recently started playing around with the later ESXi hypervisor (OK I’ve tried the Web UI before, and simply stayed away). Now it has been far more polished with the release of 6.7. I have been enjoying  the experience a far amount. However, then I needed to create another account on my free host (since I do not have vCenter to play around with in my home lab). While most things a seemed pretty intuitive at first..

Creating a User

Host -> Manage -> Security & Users -> Add a User (Specify Username and Password)

If you actually tried to login at this point I’d laugh a bit, but it could happen, you just created a user account, right? Well first thing you should have noticed is that there was no options to define what permissions this newly created user should have, read-only?, administrator?, etc.

So you click on Roles, there are all the nice pre-created roles… mhmm nice… alright… so… how do I map a user to a role?

You can look all under Security and users (where it should be), heck you can even look all under all the Manage options… you won’t find it there either… I had to find this out by googling… and if I have to google it… it’s not intuitive…

Assigning the Roles

So click on the main host icon in the left nav area, then when the right pane has loaded, select the Action menu, you should see it on the list of options above the host, right next to refresh.

Then select “Permissions”.

When the Host’s permissions modal box appears, click add user.

Marvel at how you can now assign users to roles, from here instead of the logical place where you easily found creating the user. Even if they wanted to keep the actions menu, and the modal box, just create a dang link under Security and Users… Arrrrggg.

Resetting Local Admin Password in Windows
Bypassing Windows Login

I’m getting ready soon to do a presentation on hacking my works laptops. I was giving the green light on a spare laptop we had purchased for corporate use. So in this case my test bed was a HP Folio 9470m, decent little guy for most basic office work. Like most places we run Windows, staying with the latest updates it was configured for Windows 10.

I won’t get into to much technical details as I’ll save that for the Long Con coming up this November. However, like most security and hacks there are many layers involved and the windows login just happens to be one of them.

Now I am already an admin on these systems, however I assume the role of a perpetrator and choose to find ways to break in as if I was not a current admin. This is where my mind got blown!

Alright, so the basic thing you need to break into windows is…. Windows! lol, well ok, you can actually pull this trick off with other… (Yup, just tested with lubuntu 17 against my Windows 7 imaged laptop)… OSes, but in this case we’ll stick with using your windows install media, as you likely already have this on hand in whatever form you may need it (CD/DVD, USB… or ughhhh unno whatever).

Once in the System32 Directory simply run the following:

move Utilman.exe Utilman.exe.bak

copy cmd.exe Utilman.exe

That is pretty much it, reboot. When you are prompted in login, press the Windows Key + U and marvel at how you get a elevated command prompt, then type lusrmgr in the command window to get the local users and groups windows and alter account, create accounts, change passwords to your hearts content.

Remember the bare minimum you need is any OS that can read NTFS (Usually for most Windows installations) and physical access to the system you are attempting to get into (given the boot options are not locked down by the UEFI/BIOS) which is the next layer I’ll talk about in my next blog post.

If you need a bit more “hold my hand” guidance in pulling this off here is a good source. This of course was using the Windows 7 installation media, against a Windows 7 machine, but the general concept of the trick, replacing UtilMan.exe with the cmd.exe can be done in many ways, then when the Windows image boots and you are at the login screen literally clicking the accessibility icon, or CTRL + U will open an elevated command prompt.

Util next time… Keep fit and have fun. 😛

App Pool Crash on First Load

I’ll keep this on brief; for real this time.

So you created  a MSA/gMSA for your Dev to use on ASP.NET.

You granted it Logon as a service rights, as well as batch logon right via group nesting in IIS_USRS group. You granted it all proper permissions on the physical path that IIS is using for the Site/App Pool, as well as any Database permissions if applicable. Yet every time you attempt to navigate the site you get a “503; Service unavailable” and when you go to check the app pool you find it is down. Right click it, select start and it comes right back up without issue, wash, rinse, repeat.

Turns out this happens cause you didn’t fully qualify the MSA/gMSA under the App Pool’s Identity settings. Even though you enter “gMSAAcct$” under the identity field and leave password fields blank, and IIS accepts this… without fault, what I believe is happening here is even though the check IIS has in place, does validate this to a be a real domain account, or service account, it doesn’t prepend or append (depending on which user construct you want to refer to) where ever it stores this user account. This is only a guess.

So you have to fully qualify it; “Domain\gMSAAcct$” You’ll notice it (IIS) will accept it just like it did before. Then watch in amazement as the page loads and doesn’t crash when you attempt to load it in a browser….

Just another Mon…. Tuesday

The Start

Nothing new or exciting to the start of my day, clean house! Now I was actually cleaning my office, not making system changes 😉 Then…. Monday happened, I mean it’s really Tuesday but it was my first day back after the weekend (The first weekend I finally didn’t have to do any system changes)… life’s good right?

I made my first talks with our DBA, and then followed up with our Developer. Our current Developer is one really hard working and amazing dev, so he needed a couple things from my to move his current project forward; a CNAME record, along with a gMSA. This is one of the many reasons I like this guy (not only understands security posture, but what is needed for it to all work!). So the first one took seconds, and the second a couple more (besides the fact I need to reboot the server, cause I choose to do IDLGA instead of granting the computer account direct permissions to retrieve the gMSA’s password)… Yes… yes I’m aware of the special klist purge command to clear kerberos tickets, but I wanted to be 100% sure. Then came the problem…

The Problem

I don’t want to get too into the nitty gritty, but the gist of it was we had an authoritative source of data that resided on an older SQL server, our Devs new project was in a whole new data center, utilizing a whole new database server.

Since we didn’t want to alter any firewall rules between the datacenters (while they are all in house and owned by the same company, the two data centers are still wall gardened off, with a 2 way trust created for most authentication purposes) this would mean either:

A) I have to allow the old SQL server to do LDAP queries against my new Datacenters DC’s. (I wasn’t in the mood for architecture changes, which I already stated so this was last resort) Then grant the new datacenters gMSA account permissions on the database.

B)  Figure out a way to utilize two different accounts, to make two different source data calls, from the same App/code.

Now I like the sound of B cause lets face it, it puts all the work on the Dev and not me. (If this sounds Dilbertish…. cause it is :P) At this point I was pretty confident that this was possible… I mean… why not? Well a couple seconds later my Dev comes back and tells me that it is in fact not possible…. well sort of not possible… it’s not possible for our exact case…. for reals… let me explain, first off I’m talking about ASP.NET, second of all I’m talking about 2 different connection strings to a Database. For some references we both found, like this and this, and this, and this and even this … ok that’s a fair amount of reading (sadly I still couldn’t find one of the original sources haha) but in each case you are probably wondering (How do I specify the user name and password for an alternative connection string when using Windows Auth instead of SQL auth)…. Drum Rolll…………..



The Second Problem

This lead us to our second problem, while the new SQL instance was already configured for mixed auth (This means it allows Windows as well as local SQL server authentication to be permitted), our old SQL server instance…. not so much. As much as I wanted to avoid infrastructure changes, seems it was inevitable…. so I asked my DBA if this would be a problem, since you can change the auth mode on any given instance and not all instances on the server, figured this was a quick a easy solution; Enable Mixed Auth mode, re-start the instance, create a local SQL account to be hard-coded and used by the App until the source data can be properly relocated (Thus removing any hard coded garbage in the app). Alright! until….. Ughhhhhh…

The Third Problem

When my DBA went to restart the instance, he decided to use SSMS remotely (now there is nothing wrong with this, I didn’t know it was even possible and was excited to learn something new… until…) the service failed to come up successfully (Ohh boy here we go), so sure enough we get into fix mode. My DBA jumps right into Event Viewer (good man) and discovers the first error stating the service was unable to bind to the port as it is in use (DBA opens SQL Config Manager, and Services.msc and sees both services and not running). This however instantly told me one thing… the service didn’t stop properly, event though Services.msc showed no signs of running, Task Manager and Tasklist, showed otherwise. Here’s the kickers, every attempt to force stop the process (service instance sqlserver.exe) reported back “Access Denied” even running psexec (Love you Mark!!) as SYSTEM still reported “Access Denied”

The Fix

At this point I basically figured that we had to reboot the server (I also assumed it would get stuck shutting down at the “stopping service” stage, but amazingly it did not!) Sure enough after the reboot everything came up without a hitch and the new Mixed Auth mode was enabled for our Dev’s alternate ASP.NET connection string! OK I know this sounds pretty crappy for a solution but honestly it was the only thing we had left in our toolbox, and it fixed both problem one (Mixed Auth mode is now enabled for old instance) and the fact the instance came up without a problem.


While we (DBA, Dev, and Myself(SysAdmin)) continued to test our other applications that were built via other means, it seemed a couple things were broken, this ones a little bit funny cause we assumed there was an issue for everyone, however turned out only to be an issue for the DBA and Dev, not myself (but I wasn’t on my local machine to do any front end testing from my account) so let me explain, The Dev kept digging into the real nitty gritty of the code, jumping all the way into the backend of the SQL’s stored procedures and views, to discover there was empty values being returned (Now I have no clue if this was always an issue (based on the fix) or if it actually was due to something else….anyway) turns out one of the built in views it used as a source to create a temp table was returning null thus throwing the error when calling one of the stored procedures. When the Dev and I went to talk to the DBA in the lunch room, we had discussed some of the permission changes we had just implemented on the Security Logins of the instance, and made some assumptions, so I went into the back-end AD groups to validate somethings, sure enough it was a little funny in that due to the fact their stand accounts had direct logins for the instance (generally not a fan of this, as I love scalable design and prefer to utilize IDGLA) so my DBA told me he had fixed this, and then he told me something I never would have expected and is a huge learning experience for me:


Literally, so what happened was there was a group we have defined to be granted sysadmin rights on the server (to manage them, not manipulate data) normally this contains admin based accounts (we all do standard account and admin accounts for least privileged best practice right :). However their admin accounts and their standard accounts were in there, which I removed, and once that was corrected and the proper nested grounds their standard accounts where suppose to get based on other roles, then applied properly and the issue was fixed.

Party in the House… Until….

Yes… believe it or not my day does not end here…. there was simply more information the great world of IT had to shove down my tiny brain that’s already overloaded and overwhelmed at the pure magnitude of knowledge you need to manage systems!! WHYYYYYY! GOD WHYYY!!!!

Anyway…. so to end the day we get a unique error message from one of our workflows, and sure enough another email from an external user providing a snipping of an error (How nice of them). Is this a coincidence…. not a chance 100% related… So again most of the heavy lifting is done by our Dev (this guy….. he’s a super star!) He managed to break it down to an assembly problem… but we were shocked as to how this could be (we checked everything was working after all our above fixes)… well until our DBA made a confession (He wasn’t happy to have found out his own account was the DB owner of a fair share of DB’s within the instance) so he secretly clean it up… well after some trial and error (reverting the change a couple times) it turned out that the error “error the server may be running out of resources or the assembly may not be trusted with permission_set external_access or unsafe” was simply due to a single missing permission needing to be granted to the new DB owner account:

In SSMS -> Instance -> Logins -> Account -> Properties -> Securables -> Check Grant for Unsafe Assemblies

Sometimes… you just gotta run unsafe code 😛

Alright! Home Time!

I Spike You!

Ahhh the internet….

Publish my own personal mx record in hopes to get my own email going….
I decided to see why my email outbound wasn’t working (sigh even following Paul Cunningham’s post seems I’m missing something) seems all my out-bound based SMTP connections to external mail servers seems to be failing. According to my firewall (Palo Alto) The rule is allowing it out but the application shows incomplete… like it’s never establishing a connection. So from my previous posts, I use telnet to attempt a connection on external known IPs for SMTP mail server, and sure enough no connections can be established (I know I’ll eventually have to create a receive connector from outbound sources and create a security rule to allow email from outside in, but I wanted to tackle email going out first).

I decided to attempt the same port 25 connection to the new record I created (I have multiple internet connection to utilize to actually test connections from “outside” instead of having to rely on a loop back NAT rule or anything). to my dismay it showed failed to connect (I already expected this as I created a NAT rule but I never created a security rule to allow the connection). I decided to go to my Monitor tab to see if I could see the attempted connection, I indeed did see it. However what surprised me more was the failed attempts from others in the short time I created this record (considering I had the IP for a long time and pretty much all ports were blocked forever, I didn’t expect there to be much attempts) these were either crawlers or something else…. but guess who the every first was….
University of Michigan (AS36375)

Not once, but twice from two sequential IP addresses…. Mhmmm what are those Michigans up to?… unknown, someone remaining anonymous, Michigian Hookup? occurred 3 minutes after.

Then Hours Later….
Digital Ocean, Inc. (AS14061)

Not sure who they are, might have to check em out..

Couple hours later……. Anonymous

I guess it only makes sense after Americans, and Anonymous it be nothing other than the Russians right…. To be fair I don’t actually known wtf thi sis lol, Japanese mixed with Russian or something pile of who knows what.

They are least tried three times in a row from same IP (Good thought idea, if it doesn’t work once, heck try again a couple times)

Then my attempt… pretty funny what you can hear if you just listen…

This isn’t actually I Spike You! Like from the old school GoldenEye movie, but this is what you’d actually do if you wanted to “Spike” someone online, this is my actual server I plan to use of course, but if I actually wanted to find out what people are up to I’d create a honeypot. Maybe now that I post this, they’ll think my mx record is a honeypot, but it’ll secretly become in use… sometime…. lol

Multi BIN games on Lakka

I figured I may as well start a series on what I have to do to get Lakka setup (Lakka is a skin pretty much for retroArch, compiled for many different small board architectures including the Raspberry Pi). Today I got a game that happened to have multi bins, now I hope to post soon on how I managed to get multi disc games to play nice, which basically involved using a PsX2PsP conversion tool, which I read from another source, but that is for another post. This time I had multi bins up to 12 separate ones, and that other tool although supporting bin files only supported up-to 5 for multi-disc purposes not multi track purposes… so what to do… Google! and I found this ahh blogs make this world go round. So I basically did the same thing but in a VM to be safe, used DAEMON tools to mount the .cue, then used ImgBurn to make a single bin/cue file. Then used that in the PsX2PsP tool for a bit of compression… and it worked 😀

Configuring an Anonymous Receive Connector on Exchange 2016

The Story

Well in my previous post I discussed the issue I faced resolving an email problem with one of our development applications in which it was unable to send emails after a recent Exchange upgrade/migration. So initially we were going to simply rebuild our own workflow in-house using ASP .NET Core. Until we noticed that even our own workflows were failing… in this case the answer from the old post which was super vague “reconfigure the receive connector”. Then I somehow stumbled upon my answer through one of my hundreds of google searches… I founds this gem!

OK before I link the gem which will be the source to my answer. I also wanted to point something out real quick here in hopes maybe someone can comment below the answer to this one:

When using Exchange 2016 as an email SMTP relay, and you use a no-reply from address, with an external email address for the destination, how do you query to find out if its gone through, or stuck in que? All I could see in the ECP it always required me to select a mailbox… there’s no mailbox associated with these relayed email messages, so how does one check this?

OK, now for the gem. This guy “Paul Cunningham” He’s… uhhhhhh… He’s uhhhhh… he’s uhhhh a good guy. So I always knew you could use telnet to check certain ports and services… but this was so concise… it nailed the problem…

From my K2 Server or my in house workflow server:

1)  Ensure Telnet Client feature is enabled

2) Open cmd prompt or PowerShell:

telnet exchangeServer 25
mail from:
rcpt to:

220 Microsoft ESMTP MAIL Service ready at Thu, 22
Jun 2018 12:04:45 +1000
250 Hello []
mail from:
250 2.1.0 Sender OK
rcpt to:
550 5.7.54 SMTP; Unable to relay recipient in non-accepted domain

huh, just like the source blog, now why would I be getting that error… I allowed Anonymous users via the check box under the receive connectors security tab… yet Paul does a lil extra step that doesn’t seem to be  mentioned elsewhere, and that check box I mentioned is his first line, but then look at the interesting second line….

[PS] C:\>Set-ReceiveConnector "EXSERVER\Anon Relay EXSERVER" -PermissionGroups AnonymousUsers
[PS] C:\>Get-ReceiveConnector "EXSERVER\Anon Relay EXSERVER" | Add-ADPermission -User 'NT AUTHORITY\Anonymous Logon' -ExtendedRights MS-Exch-SMTP-Accept-Any-Recipient

Since I was using anonymous settings on the Application server side (K2 in this case) I gave the second PowerShell cmdlet a run from my new exchange server.

Amazingly enough just like the source blog after running the second line (edited to fit my environment obviously) then the rcpt to succeeded!

20 Microsoft ESMTP MAIL Service ready at Thu, 22
Jun 2018 12:59:39 +1000
250 Hello []
mail from:
250 2.1.0 Sender OK
rcpt to:
250 2.1.5 Recipient OK

Part 2 – The Solution

If K2 is configured to use EWS, check that stuff out elsewhere, if you landed here from my previous post looking for the answer to the “There is no connection string for the destination email address ‘Email Address'” and wanted to know how that person altered his receive connector:

[PS] C:\>Get-ReceiveConnector "EXSERVER\Anon Relay EXSERVER" | Add-ADPermission -User 'NT AUTHORITY\Anonymous Logon' -ExtendedRights MS-Exch-SMTP-Accept-Any-Recipient

K2 SMTP Configurations


I’m going to keep this post short, just in hopes that I don’t go off the rails on this product; K2 Blackpearl 4.7. I have plenty of awesome SharePoint 2010 to 2016 migration content yet to post on my site. I’m sorry I wish I could get all the awesome things I do on here, there are many awesome things I keep thinking about; iOmega NAS conversion I did replacing the ix12 OS with FreeNAS, My test enviroment, ISCSI MPIO (VMware, Microsoft, linux configs)… anyway… K2…. ugh

The Problem

I’ve never posted about this product on my site before, cause to be frank…. I tried to stay away from it as much as possible, so all I did was update the base OS and pray that the developers or users didn’t complain about errors in any of the “K2 apps”. Trust me there are lots I can’t tell you how many times I had o hear about K2 issues… anyway, I digress. Ya’d figure it’s this simple eh… well for running the setup manager, for first time config sure… but you have to run it again if you want to ever change this value… *ahem*… alright so lets say you did this… it’ll just work right… you set the email server destination and port, it’s gotta work for everything in the server (We’ere talking standalone, not clustered). right?…. Nope… So you eventually find that this is the most common, and generic error you will find if you ever have any email issues with K2… “There is no connection string for the destination email address ‘Email Address'” and you will get this for a lot of different things. Which oddly enough some of it gets covered here. But it’s a mess, and you have no clue which problem is the cause for the error. So much like the shared link there:

Check 1 – Environment Variables

Check the Environment Variables (If you are not sure what Environment Variables are you can read this *Ahem* Awesome… WhitePaper)

Alright… so we re-ran the config manager, updated the email settings there, updated out environment variables, we gotta be good now!…..

“There is no connection string for the destination email address ‘Email Address'”

Check 2 – SMTP Config Strings

You got to be…… ok, ok…. we got this… there’s got to be something else we must have missed… let’s see… mhmmm as Mikhal says from here…

“Email configuration is externalized from process and K2 server relies on connection strings in configuration file, processes look at Environment Library, but you should also keep in mind String Table. I saw cases when people did update of Mail Server field in environment library, but their workflow was deployed from other environment with old/incorrect email settings which were written into String Table during deployment time – so you should also make sure that you have correct settings there.”

soooo… From K2 terrible support page you can either dig in and manually edit  “k2hostserver.exe.config” Really….. really….. .exe.config ….. anyway load the terrible Windows application that they use to edit this XML type config file. Now you mind find your self wondering “Do I have to create a new SMTP connection string for every from and destination address? That’s…. just…… unmanageable!” And yup it sort of is, what my awesome colleague and I discovered (He’s a K2 Master by the way) is that any internal “spoofed” mail (since we had decided we didn’t utilize any of K2’s EWS integration) would only work when we had that particular user with a SMTP string in this tool; ConnectionStringEditor.exe

It took my colleague a really long time before magically discovering what the syntax was in the SMTP connection string to be a wild card E.G. * …. Drum Roll…….. NOTHING

That’s right nothing to make a wildcard SMTP connection string simply leave the field blank in the first step of the wizard. Alright… so now we had validated workflows could send on behalf of over SMTP based email (even to exchange without any EWS integration)… However we also utilized another workflow to send external email address emails…

“There is no connection string for the destination email address ‘Email Address'”

Check 3 – SMTP Receive Connector

Are you Kidding ME?!?!?! Alright…. Jesus what else did I forget/miss…

At this point you may find yourself a lil bit stuck as every other post points you to the same solutions above, or like this jerk-off goes over everything, then laughs in your face and says “‘There is no connection string for the destination email address’. That is a pity. I thought we just added it. Ok, I admit, I knew this was going to be the result, but I thought I’d keep you intrigued. Now you will have to wait for my next article to see how to fix it. You can find the answer in part 2 of this article, along with a few other tips on how to resolve some other issues when trying to send an email through a SMTP server.” only to find that there is no Part 2….

So I was kind of stuck with the initial share I gave…

“Thanks for your help. We found the root reason is that the Exchange Server config the receive policy so we changed the policy then resolved the problem.”

If dealing with issues isn’t bad enough the internet is littered with useless help. “Don’t worry guys, I figured out my problem, if you have this problem too, well I figured out mine, good luck with yours.” Anyway, again I digress and I am not such a jerk and I will tell you how I finally managed to resolve this issue for good.

So I double checked my receive connector on my Exchange server… may there’s just something I missed… well… I covered everything, No TLS…. using Port 25, listening from only my K2 Server, Anonymous Users Checked off under security…  What the heck I have them all covered…

Check 4 – Part 2

I was at my wits end until this! (Part 2 LOLOLOLOL, for real though… it’s coming soon. in like 20-30 mins, maybe an hour shouldn’t take me long to write up)