Palo Alto Networks Protocols Defined

I have to often do validation on rules set created on a Palo Alto firewall, now if you’ve done this you’ll know there’s  a specific requirement to define which protocol to test against. Generally you’ll use UDP or TCP, and ICMP if needing to validate ping rules.

However PAN uses numbers and the provided direct KB from them does not define them all (1-255). So googling I found a nice simplified post by Kerry Cordero on his site here. Where he got this info from I’m not certain, he did not reference any PAN KB’s or anything. For prosperity of the internet I have quotes his list as it was on his site.

Many Thanks to Kerry for this work on this.

Protocol Options:
When it comes to the protocol #, you have several options to choose from like:

TCP = 6
UDP = 17
ICMP = 1
ESP = 50

Below is a full list of options you can use.

Decimal Keyword Protocol IPv6 Extension Header Reference
0 HOPOPT IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Option Y [RFC8200]
1 ICMP Internet Control Message [RFC792]
2 IGMP Internet Group Management [RFC1112]
3 GGP Gateway-to-Gateway [RFC823]
4 IPv4 IPv4 encapsulation [RFC2003]
5 ST Stream [RFC1190][RFC1819]
6 TCP Transmission Control [RFC793]
7 CBT CBT [Tony_Ballardie]
8 EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol [RFC888][David_Mills]
9 IGP any private interior gateway
(used by Cisco for their IGRP)
[Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
10 BBN-RCC-MON BBN RCC Monitoring [Steve_Chipman]
11 NVP-II Network Voice Protocol [RFC741][Steve_Casner]
12 PUP PUP [Boggs, D., J. Shoch, E. Taft, and R. Metcalfe, “PUP: An
Internetwork Architecture”, XEROX Palo Alto Research Center,
CSL-79-10, July 1979; also in IEEE Transactions on
Communication, Volume COM-28, Number 4, April 1980.][[XEROX]]
13 ARGUS (deprecated) ARGUS [Robert_W_Scheifler]
14 EMCON EMCON [<mystery contact>]
15 XNET Cross Net Debugger [Haverty, J., “XNET Formats for Internet Protocol Version 4”,
IEN 158, October 1980.][Jack_Haverty]
16 CHAOS Chaos [J_Noel_Chiappa]
17 UDP User Datagram [RFC768][Jon_Postel]
18 MUX Multiplexing [Cohen, D. and J. Postel, “Multiplexing Protocol”, IEN 90,
USC/Information Sciences Institute, May 1979.][Jon_Postel]
19 DCN-MEAS DCN Measurement Subsystems [David_Mills]
20 HMP Host Monitoring [RFC869][Bob_Hinden]
21 PRM Packet Radio Measurement [Zaw_Sing_Su]
22 XNS-IDP XEROX NS IDP [“The Ethernet, A Local Area Network: Data Link Layer and
Physical Layer Specification”, AA-K759B-TK, Digital
Equipment Corporation, Maynard, MA.  Also as: “The
Ethernet – A Local Area Network”, Version 1.0, Digital
Equipment Corporation, Intel Corporation, Xerox
Corporation, September 1980.  And: “The Ethernet, A Local
Area Network: Data Link Layer and Physical Layer
Specifications”, Digital, Intel and Xerox, November 1982.
And: XEROX, “The Ethernet, A Local Area Network: Data Link
Layer and Physical Layer Specification”, X3T51/80-50,
Xerox Corporation, Stamford, CT., October 1980.][[XEROX]]
23 TRUNK-1 Trunk-1 [Barry_Boehm]
24 TRUNK-2 Trunk-2 [Barry_Boehm]
25 LEAF-1 Leaf-1 [Barry_Boehm]
26 LEAF-2 Leaf-2 [Barry_Boehm]
27 RDP Reliable Data Protocol [RFC908][Bob_Hinden]
28 IRTP Internet Reliable Transaction [RFC938][Trudy_Miller]
29 ISO-TP4 ISO Transport Protocol Class 4 [RFC905][<mystery contact>]
30 NETBLT Bulk Data Transfer Protocol [RFC969][David_Clark]
31 MFE-NSP MFE Network Services Protocol [Shuttleworth, B., “A Documentary of MFENet, a National
Computer Network”, UCRL-52317, Lawrence Livermore Labs,
Livermore, California, June 1977.][Barry_Howard]
32 MERIT-INP MERIT Internodal Protocol [Hans_Werner_Braun]
33 DCCP Datagram Congestion Control Protocol [RFC4340]
34 3PC Third Party Connect Protocol [Stuart_A_Friedberg]
35 IDPR Inter-Domain Policy Routing Protocol [Martha_Steenstrup]
36 XTP XTP [Greg_Chesson]
37 DDP Datagram Delivery Protocol [Wesley_Craig]
38 IDPR-CMTP IDPR Control Message Transport Proto [Martha_Steenstrup]
39 TP++ TP++ Transport Protocol [Dirk_Fromhein]
40 IL IL Transport Protocol [Dave_Presotto]
41 IPv6 IPv6 encapsulation [RFC2473]
42 SDRP Source Demand Routing Protocol [Deborah_Estrin]
43 IPv6-Route Routing Header for IPv6 Y [Steve_Deering]
44 IPv6-Frag Fragment Header for IPv6 Y [Steve_Deering]
45 IDRP Inter-Domain Routing Protocol [Sue_Hares]
46 RSVP Reservation Protocol [RFC2205][RFC3209][Bob_Braden]
47 GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation [RFC2784][Tony_Li]
48 DSR Dynamic Source Routing Protocol [RFC4728]
49 BNA BNA [Gary Salamon]
50 ESP Encap Security Payload Y [RFC4303]
51 AH Authentication Header Y [RFC4302]
52 I-NLSP Integrated Net Layer Security  TUBA [K_Robert_Glenn]
53 SWIPE (deprecated) IP with Encryption [John_Ioannidis]
54 NARP NBMA Address Resolution Protocol [RFC1735]
55 MOBILE IP Mobility [Charlie_Perkins]
56 TLSP Transport Layer Security Protocol
using Kryptonet key management
[Christer_Oberg]
57 SKIP SKIP [Tom_Markson]
58 IPv6-ICMP ICMP for IPv6 [RFC8200]
59 IPv6-NoNxt No Next Header for IPv6 [RFC8200]
60 IPv6-Opts Destination Options for IPv6 Y [RFC8200]
61 any host internal protocol [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
62 CFTP CFTP [Forsdick, H., “CFTP”, Network Message, Bolt Beranek and
Newman, January 1982.][Harry_Forsdick]
63 any local network [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
64 SAT-EXPAK SATNET and Backroom EXPAK [Steven_Blumenthal]
65 KRYPTOLAN Kryptolan [Paul Liu]
66 RVD MIT Remote Virtual Disk Protocol [Michael_Greenwald]
67 IPPC Internet Pluribus Packet Core [Steven_Blumenthal]
68 any distributed file system [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
69 SAT-MON SATNET Monitoring [Steven_Blumenthal]
70 VISA VISA Protocol [Gene_Tsudik]
71 IPCV Internet Packet Core Utility [Steven_Blumenthal]
72 CPNX Computer Protocol Network Executive [David Mittnacht]
73 CPHB Computer Protocol Heart Beat [David Mittnacht]
74 WSN Wang Span Network [Victor Dafoulas]
75 PVP Packet Video Protocol [Steve_Casner]
76 BR-SAT-MON Backroom SATNET Monitoring [Steven_Blumenthal]
77 SUN-ND SUN ND PROTOCOL-Temporary [William_Melohn]
78 WB-MON WIDEBAND Monitoring [Steven_Blumenthal]
79 WB-EXPAK WIDEBAND EXPAK [Steven_Blumenthal]
80 ISO-IP ISO Internet Protocol [Marshall_T_Rose]
81 VMTP VMTP [Dave_Cheriton]
82 SECURE-VMTP SECURE-VMTP [Dave_Cheriton]
83 VINES VINES [Brian Horn]
84 TTP Transaction Transport Protocol [Jim_Stevens]
84 IPTM Internet Protocol Traffic Manager [Jim_Stevens]
85 NSFNET-IGP NSFNET-IGP [Hans_Werner_Braun]
86 DGP Dissimilar Gateway Protocol [M/A-COM Government Systems, “Dissimilar Gateway Protocol
Specification, Draft Version”, Contract no. CS901145,
November 16, 1987.][Mike_Little]
87 TCF TCF [Guillermo_A_Loyola]
88 EIGRP EIGRP [RFC7868]
89 OSPFIGP OSPFIGP [RFC1583][RFC2328][RFC5340][John_Moy]
90 Sprite-RPC Sprite RPC Protocol [Welch, B., “The Sprite Remote Procedure Call System”,
Technical Report, UCB/Computer Science Dept., 86/302,
University of California at Berkeley, June 1986.][Bruce Willins]
91 LARP Locus Address Resolution Protocol [Brian Horn]
92 MTP Multicast Transport Protocol [Susie_Armstrong]
93 AX.25 AX.25 Frames [Brian_Kantor]
94 IPIP IP-within-IP Encapsulation Protocol [John_Ioannidis]
95 MICP (deprecated) Mobile Internetworking Control Pro. [John_Ioannidis]
96 SCC-SP Semaphore Communications Sec. Pro. [Howard_Hart]
97 ETHERIP Ethernet-within-IP Encapsulation [RFC3378]
98 ENCAP Encapsulation Header [RFC1241][Robert_Woodburn]
99 any private encryption scheme [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
100 GMTP GMTP [[RXB5]]
101 IFMP Ipsilon Flow Management Protocol [Bob_Hinden][November 1995, 1997.]
102 PNNI PNNI over IP [Ross_Callon]
103 PIM Protocol Independent Multicast [RFC7761][Dino_Farinacci]
104 ARIS ARIS [Nancy_Feldman]
105 SCPS SCPS [Robert_Durst]
106 QNX QNX [Michael_Hunter]
107 A/N Active Networks [Bob_Braden]
108 IPComp IP Payload Compression Protocol [RFC2393]
109 SNP Sitara Networks Protocol [Manickam_R_Sridhar]
110 Compaq-Peer Compaq Peer Protocol [Victor_Volpe]
111 IPX-in-IP IPX in IP [CJ_Lee]
112 VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol [RFC5798]
113 PGM PGM Reliable Transport Protocol [Tony_Speakman]
114 any 0-hop protocol [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
115 L2TP Layer Two Tunneling Protocol [RFC3931][Bernard_Aboba]
116 DDX D-II Data Exchange (DDX) [John_Worley]
117 IATP Interactive Agent Transfer Protocol [John_Murphy]
118 STP Schedule Transfer Protocol [Jean_Michel_Pittet]
119 SRP SpectraLink Radio Protocol [Mark_Hamilton]
120 UTI UTI [Peter_Lothberg]
121 SMP Simple Message Protocol [Leif_Ekblad]
122 SM (deprecated) Simple Multicast Protocol [Jon_Crowcroft][draft-perlman-simple-multicast]
123 PTP Performance Transparency Protocol [Michael_Welzl]
124 ISIS over IPv4 [Tony_Przygienda]
125 FIRE [Criag_Partridge]
126 CRTP Combat Radio Transport Protocol [Robert_Sautter]
127 CRUDP Combat Radio User Datagram [Robert_Sautter]
128 SSCOPMCE [Kurt_Waber]
129 IPLT [[Hollbach]]
130 SPS Secure Packet Shield [Bill_McIntosh]
131 PIPE Private IP Encapsulation within IP [Bernhard_Petri]
132 SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol [Randall_R_Stewart]
133 FC Fibre Channel [Murali_Rajagopal][RFC6172]
134 RSVP-E2E-IGNORE [RFC3175]
135 Mobility Header Y [RFC6275]
136 UDPLite [RFC3828]
137 MPLS-in-IP [RFC4023]
138 manet MANET Protocols [RFC5498]
139 HIP Host Identity Protocol Y [RFC7401]
140 Shim6 Shim6 Protocol Y [RFC5533]
141 WESP Wrapped Encapsulating Security Payload [RFC5840]
142 ROHC Robust Header Compression [RFC5858]
143 Ethernet Ethernet [RFC8986]
144-252 Unassigned [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
253 Use for experimentation and testing Y [RFC3692]
254 Use for experimentation and testing Y [RFC3692]
255 Reserved [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]

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